Forensic Science has several different areas of expertise, commonly called disciplines.
A forensic scientist usually specializes in only a single discipline. Very rarely will you find a scientist who is considered an expert in more than one area. The level of training and amount of information required to become an expert in a single area is extremely intensive and never stops. A forensic scientist must continually read about breakthroughs and research in their field, and continually update their laboratory skills to stay current with advancing technology.
The most common forensic science disciplines are:
Other areas of expertise include:
- Blood spatter interpretation
- Facial reconstruction
- Criminal profiling
- Computer forensics